Vol. 33 - Issue 4 - April 2017


"No one knows everything about computers, but we all know something that we can share with others"


    Hello to all the TAPCUG members and guest,
    A brief history of what we call social media and sharing networks. In 1792, the telegraph was invented. Two important discoveries happened in the last decade of the 1800s: The telephone in 1890 and the radio in 1891. By 2006, Facebook and Twitter both became available to users throughout the world. These sites remain some of the most popular social networks on the Internet. After the invention of blogging, social media began to explode in popularity. The first recognizable social media site, Six Degrees, was created in 1997. It enabled users to upload a profile and make friends with other users. In 1999, the first blogging sites became popular, creating a social media sensation that's still popular today. Sites like MySpace and LinkedIn gained prominence in the early 2000s, and sites like Photobucket and Flickr facilitated online photo sharing. YouTube came out in 2005, creating an entirely new way for people to communicate and share with each other across great distances. By 2006, Facebook and Twitter both became available to users throughout the world. These sites remain some of the most popular social networks on the Internet. Other sites like Tumblr, Spotify, Foursquare and Pinterest began popping up to fill specific social networking niches. I am going to attempt to give a presentation on some security options I have become familiar with. Here is a brief introduction to Facebook Security that you can watch before the next General Meeting. I will do my best to answer any questions, and the ones I can’t hopefully someone at the meeting will help us all.

This Months General Meeting
Saturday, February 11th 9:30 AM
Lakewood Community Center
Raffle to follow the meeting.

Presentation this month
Working with Skype
by Dave Snuffy Smith
Refreshments: Mutsie Poree



    You  can find all the information for the SIG’s off the Information Page on  the Menu, as we have a SIG’s page there with the details. For more  detailed information on the SIG's Download the latest Data Line Newsletter at the bottom of this page. As these listings here will not be updated  with monthly subjects or changes, you need to check the updates that  Maggie posts if any in the latest Data Line as reported by the SIG  Leaders.


Beginning Operating Systems SIG, to include Linux : John Wickliffe

    Meets on the fourth Tuesday of the month, 6-8 PM at the Steilacoom Library, 2950 Steilacoom Blvd.
    We will be covering Operating Systems and new things pertaining to them.


Beginner Computer Users SIG : Paul Braget

    The New Computer Users Group meets the second Thursday of the month at 3:00 pm
    at the Lakewood Senior Center Lab. The SIG will introduce / reintroduce general concepts,
    components and applications such as Browsers used to view (surf) the Internet, i.e. Google,
    Cloud Suites, and many other applications that work on most if not all platforms (windows, Linux/Unix
    I-apple, and Androids.


We also run a weekly Open LABs in the Computer Lab at the Lakewood Community Center

    The TAPCUG Open Lab's are held every Thursday at 3pm and Friday at 10am of each week,
    and are open to club members as well as the public. The Open Lab does not  have a subject or program that is directed towards other than Computer  Problems, whether that be hardware or software,
    problems you may be having.
    Just bring your problems to the LAB on Thursday or Friday and we will do all we can to help you find a solution for your problem.

    The Lab's are usually affiliated by 2 or more of the Club members who volunteer their time,
    and will be there to help with your Questions and or Problems you may be having.

    The LAB is located in the Lakewood Senior Centers Computer Lab room, 9112 Lakewood Dr SW Lakewood, WA 98496



        By Dick Maybach, Member,
        Brookdale Computer Users Group, NJ
        August 2016 issue, BUG Bytes

    LibreOffice originated in Germany in 1993 as Star Office, which became OpenOffice,  first under Sun Microsystems and later under Oracle. In 2010 a group of  developers, unhappy with Oracle's management of the project, formed the  Document Foundation, and used the OpenOffice code as a basis for  LibreOffice. Oracle later donated OpenOffice to the Apache Software  Foundation, where its development appears to be lagging behind the  vigorous pace of LibreOffice. Although LibreOffice and MS Office do  similar tasks, their operating details differ considerably. If you have  used MS Office for a long time, then your first experience with  LibreOffice will probably leave you frustrated with illogical menus and  unpredictable operation. I've used LibreOffice for years (and OpenOffice before that) and those are exactly my feelings when I try to use MS  Office. If you're thinking of installing LibreOffice and trying it for a few minutes, don't bother; you won't like it, because it's not an MS  Office clone. If you are using MS Office casually at home, you have  little reason to change, as LibreOffice offers no new capabilities.  However, you may wish to consider changing if your environment changes,  for example if you purchase a new computer or change operating systems.  Now

    it makes sense to ask yourself whether to purchase a new version of MS  Office or to make the effort to relearn your habits. If you really need  something “Just like MS Office,” then you should pay the money. A good  comparison of these two suites appears at, but note that this is the Website of the Document Foundation, the  publisher of LibreOffice. The two suites have different capabilities and features; if you do specialized work, check the Website referenced  above for the features that are important to you.

    The software is available at You won't find a book on LibreOffice in your local bookstore, but you can download a  good 388-page manual from If after reading  this you need more detailed information, the same site has manuals for  the individual LibreOffice applications, but they are for earlier  versions. There is also a 512-page tutorial on document styling at, which you'll find interesting  after you've mastered the basics. Some books are available from on-line  vendors, but be careful, many are for older versions, and others are  printed copies of what you can download for free. LibreOffice is  evolving quickly; as a result, even the latest manuals are somewhat out  of date with respect to minor details. Like all full-featured office  suites, the LibreOffice applications are complex, and trying to learn to use them by trial-and-error will be tedious and frustrating, making a  good tutorial essential.

    Although you can start the individual LibreOffice applications directly, you can also open a general application (Screen 1), from which all the  individual applications as well as the recently-opens files are  available.

    1. LibreOffice Startup.

    Write is the LibreOffice word-processor, and is the only type of office  application that many home users run (Screen 2). The two toolbars at the top are configurable, so you can populate them with the functions you  use most often. The top one is the Standard Toolbar and is nearly the  same for all LibreOffice applications. Below that is the Formatting  Toolbar, which adapts to the current application. The right sidebar also changes according to what you are doing. In the screen-shot above, the  cursor is on text and as a result the sidebar shows text styles.  However, all the functions in the sidebar are also available on the menu bar and the toolbars, although accessing them may require several mouse clicks. My work requires little formatting, and as a result I usually  keep the sidebar closed to allow more space for the document. Writer,  like all the LibreOffice tools can be customized by adding, moving, and  customizing toolbars, but this can become a tar pit. Be sure you are  familiar with basic operation and carefully read a good tutorial before  you venture too far into customizing.

    2. LibreOffice Write.

    In both Linux and OS X, menu bars appear at the top of the screen rather  than at the top of the application window where they appear in Windows.  As a result, the main menu bar isn't visible in the above screen-shot.  It appears below (Screen 3).

    3. Write Menu Bar.

    Like all LibreOffice applications, Writer can save files in several formats, as shown in the drop-down menu that appears when you select “Save as”  (Screen 4).

    4. Save File Drop Down Menu.

    I have not run into problems converting Writer documents to Microsoft doc and docx formats. I understand that converting the other way can be  problematic, as Microsoft sometimes employs undocumented features, and  this is true for all LibreOffice applications. The suite is evolving  rapidly, and every version produces files that are more compatible with  Microsoft's, although the latter are moving targets.

    Calc is LibreOffice's spreadsheet application. Screen 5 shows one I put  together to reconcile my credit card bills. Its menu and toolbars are  quite similar to Writer's, although the individual functions differ of  course. Here I show the sidebar closed, since i don't need it for this  simple application. If you are familiar with Excel, you should quickly  adapt to Calc, although if you will probably have to make some changes  to the macros to move existing sheets to this new environment.

    5. LibreOffice Calc.

    It's presentation application is Impress. The screen-shot shows a PowerPoint file open in Impress. When I tried this some years ago, with OpenOffice (a predecessor of LibreOffice), there was considerable mangling of the  slides. I've seen no evidence of this in the current LibreOffice.  Nevertheless, be careful if you have an important presentation, and use  the same program, and if possible the same operating system, to display  it that you used to develop it. Screen 6 shows the program open in the  notes view, so I can edit my lecture notes; the slide appears at the top of the screen and slide thumbnails in the left sidebar. Too many  speakers either just read the slides to their audience or try to make up comments on the spot. Don't make this mistake; in preparing a talk, you should spend as much time preparing your remarks as your slides. You  should also assume your audience can read; there is no reason to repeat  the contents of the slides.

    6. LibreOffice Impress.

    Draw (Screen 7) is a simple drafting application, useful for creating  figures for Writer and Impress. While both these applications have  drafting functions, I find it easier to create figures with a dedicated  program and then paste the results where I need them.

    7. LibreOffice Draw.

    Base (Screen 8) is the LibreOffice database application. The screen-shot  shows a simple database for organizing photographs being developed using the wizard. I think too many people would use a spreadsheet for this,  just because they are comfortable with it, when a database would be more appropriate. Another significant factor in the low usage of databases  is that Access (the MS Office database application) is available only in the professional version and not at all for OS X. As a result, few home users have seen it.

    8. LibreOffice Base.

    This has been a very brief introduction to LibreOffice. If you collaborate  with others on complex office documents and they use MS Office, you may  have an easier time if you use the same suite. I say “may” because the  Mac and Windows versions of MS Office differ, and I've also had problems with incompatibilities among different versions of Windows Office. The  only way to ensure compatibility is for all members of the team to use  the same version of MS Office on the same operating system. By  comparison, the code base of LibreOffice is the same for Windows, OS X,  and Linux (for which MS Office is not available); if the members of your team use different operating systems, you will have fewer  incompatibility problems than with MS Office. For most people,  compatibility is not an issue, provided the LibreOffice users convert  their files to Microsoft format.

    That LibreOffice is open source brings some advantages. It costs nothing, so you can use it on as many computers as you like, and you can even  install it on a memory stick for use on any PC, which allows you to use  the same office suite wherever you go. 


        7 Quick Tips for Windows and Office
        By Nancy DeMarte, 1st Vice President,
        Sarasota Technology User Group, FL
        March 2016 issue,
        Sarasota Technology Monitor

    1. Most of us use the Print Layout view when composing multi-page  documents in Word because it lets us see all four edges of the virtual  piece of paper. But every now and then, the top and bottom edges lose  their space and look glued together. Although this view wont affect the printed copy, you can return the space between the pages simply by  double clicking the line between any two of them.

    2. Everyone knows that holding down the Shift key while pressing a letter on the keyboard will make it upper case. But  the Shift key has other important functions. To select (highlight) a  large group of contiguous text, click at the beginning of the group,  hold down Shift, and click at the end of the group. This same process  works for selecting a long list of items, like emails or photo  thumbnails. Do you have noncontiguous items to select? Press the Control (Ctrl) key instead and click the desired items in the group.

    3. A few other popular keystroke combos can save a lot of time and aggravation. Hold down the Control key  (bottom left on the keyboard) while you press the A key (Ctrl+A) to  select the whole document. Use (Ctrl+Z) when you need to undo your last  change. In Windows 8.1 and 10, the Windows key between the Function (Fn) and Alternate (Alt) keys will open the Start screen or menu. (Ctrl+P)  is handy when you need to print from a place like the Internet, and no  Print button is visible.

    4. Arrow keys can be helpful, too. They provide the best way to move around in a  document without changing anything. Lets say you want to add a word  which begins at the left margin of a document. It can be difficult to  click between the margin and the word. You can click a short distance  inside the margin and press the left arrow on the keyboard to move the  insertion point back to the margin without disturbing the text. In  PowerPoint, if you have trouble dragging an object on a slide, try  holding down the Ctrl key while pressing one or more of the arrow keys a few times to nudge the object slowly to the exact spot you want it.

    5. New tricks with Tables: In Word 2013 and 2016, if you have added a table to a document and want to add a column between existing columns, position your mouse pointer  over the line between the columns until it becomes two lines with a bulb on top.

    Click and a column will appear in that spot. Do the same for adding rows. Or, if you need more rows at the bottom of a table, click in the bottom  right cell and press the Tab key to get another row.

    6. Windows has added a tool ribbon  across the top of most Windows application windows now. Convenient as  it is, some people complain that if covers too much of the work space. Fortunately, Office 2013 and 2016 make it easy to hide the ribbon. To  hide the ribbon but leave the tabs visible, click the tiny caret in the  top right corner of the screen directly above the scroll bar. This  works with any tab selected.

    If you change your mind, click the Ribbon Display options box near the  right end of the title bar which has an upward-pointing arrow inside.  Here you can choose to Auto-hide the ribbon, show just the Tabs above  the ribbon, or show both Tabs and Commands.

    7. One of the new and overdue tools in Word 2013 and 2016 is the Clear All Formatting tool located in the top right corner of the Home Tab “ Font group. It  lets you remove the bold, italics, glow, shadow, and all the other  effects that you can apply to text. Select the portion of the document  where you want to remove the formatting or press Ctrl+A to select a  whole document, then click the icon to return the text to the default  font and font size with no special formatting. I use it when Im  combining multiple documents into one or when a word gets stuck with  certain formatting and needs to be unformatted.

    Snipping Tool Update: For Windows 10 users, here is an addendum to my article in December  about the Snipping Tool. I mentioned that it had been upgraded in  Windows 10. Here is how: If you want to capture a screen shot of a menu  or other temporarily visible item, you can save time by using the new  Delay feature. Open the Snipping tool, then click Delay and choose a  number of seconds from 1 5. Then click New, which makes the Snipping  tool disappear. Open the menu or item you want to snip. When the time is up, the Snipping tool reappears so you can complete the snip. 


      Ad/Popup Blockers and the Internet Advertising War
      By Mike Morris, Front Range PC Users Group, Fort Collins, CO, FRPCUG

    According to InfoWorld:

    "The Webs basic business model - free content supported by advertising - is badly broken"
    "The Internet is at war with itself. An on-line arms race is pitting users  against advertisers, publishers against the developers of ad and cookie  blockers, and Apple against Google."


    Certainly Google derives most of its revenue from selling advertising. In 2015,  that revenue was $67.39 Billion (yes thats Billion with a B), according to  ( That™s about 90% of total revenue ( See also.

    Not every company is doing as well as Google:

    . . . Yahoo, despite claiming more than 800 million active users, hasnt  been able to increase its ad revenue and may even be forced to sell off  most of its assets. . . it's no accident that even the most  successful news operations, including the New York Times, charge for  access to their content. They were forced to."

    So you should not be surprised when you see ads, popup or otherwise, on  any website to which you connect. Nor should you be surprised at the  rapidly increasing “countermeasures” for those ads.

    Internet ads are NOT just an annoyance. Those ads can contain some seriously malicious  software, as the NY Times, BBC, NFL, etc. recently discovered:

    Major sites including New York Times and BBC hit by 'ransomware'  malvertising  ( - March 16th, 2016)

    "The malware was delivered through multiple ad networks, and used a number  of vulnerabilities, including a recently-patched flaw in Microsoft™s  former Flash competitor Silverlight, which was discontinued in 2013."
    Big-name sites hit by rash of malicious ads spreading crypto ransomware  ( - March 16th, 2016)
    Blocking internet ads has become a major industry. And note that this is a task  that is separate from privacy issues and from making sure that you have  up-to-date security software on your computer.

    Mobile users, who have a data limit, can, according to, can derive a financial benefit from ad blockers, since those ads consume data “ especially when streaming audio and/or video

    You can see why the use of these applications is growing rapidly. And the growth is, indeed, rapid:

    "As of Q2 2015, 45 million Americans were using ad blockers. In a survey  research study released Q2 2016, MetaFacts reported 72 million  Americans, 12.8 million adults in the UK, and 13.2 million adults in  France were using ad blockers on their PCs, Smart phones, or Tablets."

    Most browsers today offer some sort of ad blocking/popup blocking, although  their effectiveness varies. See for a list of browsers and browser add-ons that provide ad blocking/popup blocking.

    However, beware. Not all ad blockers block all ads. For example:

    "Adblock Plus”possibly the most popular ad blocker on the Internet”is a  business. . . . Adblock Plus doesn™t block all ads, but rather operates  what it calls an “acceptable ads” program, where ads that meet its  criteria for things like placement, size, and distinction, are  “whitelisted””that is, if the company displaying the ads is willing to  split the revenue gained by whitelisting with Adblock Plus. Companies  can apply to have their sites whitelisted, but Adblock Plus has also  reached out to some to solicit their business."


    There are effective ad blockers:

    ". . . there are the ad blockers that block, well, nearly every ad and  tracker. Privacy Badger, for example, is a nonprofit blocker operated by the Electronic Frontier Foundation that detects and blocks what it  calls “non-consensual tracking,” or ads and trackers that follow you  around from site to site, serving you up, say, an ad about sneakers in a banner after you browse the Nike site. In effect, if you use Privacy  Badger, it prevents your browser from loading anything from  third-parties that you haven™t agreed to see. The EFF accepts donations  (and coding help), but the site itself operates as a nonprofit."


    I use ad blockers because I find the ads a significant annoyance and also because of the potential security problems associated with the ads. I  generally use the Firefox and Chrome browsers. I have the following  add-ons installed1:

    Disconnect (prevents tracking browsing/search history “ see for more information)

    HTTPS-Everywhere (from Wikipedia (  ". . . automatically makes websites use the more secure HTTPS connection instead of HTTP, if they support it.")

    No Script (". . . allows JavaScript, Java, Flash and other plugins to be  executed only by trusted web sites of your choice (e.g. your online bank - see for more information.")

    Privacy  Badger (". . . blocks advertisements and tracking cookies that do not  respect the Do Not Track setting in a user's web browser."  See for more information))

    uBlock Origin (provides content-filtering and ad-blocking. See for more information)

    Privacy Badger
    uBlock Origin

    When using these add-ons, it is important to remember TANSTAAFL:
    There Ain™t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch

    With browser add-ons installed, you may find that you cannot connect to a  website of interest. Or, at least, nothing from the website will be  displayed when you connect. If it is a website that you do, in fact,  want to access, check the add-on settings/features for a temporary  disable feature. Or, you may have to temporarily disable the add-on to  view the website.

    With an up-to-date operating system, up-to-date security software and  browser ad blocker add-ons, there is a reasonable chance you will be  able to keep your computer secure and free from malicious software.

    However, you must still remember to backup at least your important data:  financial info, photos, music and any other documents.

    Thanks to FRPCUG member Bert Broekstra for the research that led to the selection of these addons.


      Interesting Internet Finds - February
      Steve Costello,
      President/Editor, Boca Raton Computer Society

    In the course of going through the more than 300 RSS feeds, I often run  across things that I think might be of interest to other user group  members.

    The following are some items I found interesting during the month of February 2016.

    5 Tips For Google Voice In Hangouts On Android

    I have just started using Google Voice in Hangouts on my Wi-Fi only  Galaxy Tab A. I don't need it on my smartphone, because I have unlimited calling and texting there.

    What Is Error 451, And How Can It Make A Difference?

    I have not seen this error yet, but thanks to this MakeUseOf post I will know what it means when I do see it.

    Polaris Office Free For Windows PC Review

    If you are looking for a Microsoft Office alternative, check out this  review from The Windows Club. Polaris Office is now free for the Windows PC, as well as iOS and Android.

    Why You Should Upgrade Your Router (Even If You Have Older Gadgets)

    Have an old router and old gadgets? If so, check out this HowToGeek post to learn why you should upgrade the router anyway.

    Cloud Storage: Secure And Private?

    Bob Rankin  talks about the cloud becoming more common, and addresses some  of the most common reasons given for not using the cloud.

    CDMA vs GSM: How Do They Differ?

    This question came up just the other day. I was asked why I couldn't switch  from Sprint to AT&T using the same smartphone. If I had known about  this post then, I could have given a better answer.

    Most Fridays, more interesting finds will be posted on the Computers, Technology, and User Groups Blog:

    The posts are under Creative Commons licensing. 


      Share Photos In Facebook Messenger

    As Facebook Messenger keeps growing in popularity, we get more and more questions about it.
    Questions like this: How do I save a Facebook picture from my timeline on my Samsung tablet to private Messenger

    If you have Messenger installed on your tablet, it™s pretty easy.
    Find the photo you wish to share on your timeline and tap the Share button at the bottom of the photo.
    One of your options is to send via a private message.
    Tap it and you can then pick a recipient and send.
    If you want to save the image to your device, tap the image once to open  it.
    Then tap the menu button for your device and choose Save.
    The photo will then be saved in your Gallery.

    From there you can send it as an attachment via text message, e-mail or any other type of messaging app that you use.
    Here™s how to add an attachment to Messenger:
    Open up messenger and compose a new message.
    Then tap the image icon to select an image from the gallery.
    After that, just send your message.


    The following are some items I found interesting during the month of March 2016.

How to Use Google Maps Offline (Without Internet) on Android and iOS

I have been using Google Maps on my android, but sometimes end up without internet. This post shows how to prepare for those times.

How to Make YouTube Videos Loop Continuously:

If you need to continuously loop a YouTube video, like maybe before a  meeting, check out this post from Online Tech Tips to learn how.


How to Choose a USB Wi-Fi Adapter for Your Laptop

Is your laptop Wi-Fi broken, or not capable of your new routers' 802.11ac  speed? This HowToGeek will help you find a USB adapter that will solve  the problem without hefty repair fees.


How to fix the dreaded Google Cloud printer offline issue

Do you use Google Cloud Print? If so sooner or later you are going to have a printer go offline. This TechRepublic post has the solution. (Note:  This has worked for me.)


A True Story of a Computer Scam and How to Avoid It Happening to You

After you read this, you will be much more aware of these types of scams.  This story shows that even tech savvy people can be scammed.


You Can Use a Picture If: Guidelines for Image Copyrights

This post has an infographic that can help you decide if you can legally use a picture for your blog, newsletter, presentation, or whatever. And, if it is under a Creative Commons license, what each of those mean



Here are just a few of the great tips that our editor,
Maggie Smith, publishes from WorldStar each month in our monthly Data Line Newsletter.

    Download the latest Data Line Newsletterfor more updated tips at the bottom of this page.


Two odd keys
So far, we've discussed almost every key you're likely to use. But for the truly inquisitive,
let's explore the three most mysterious keys on the keyboard: PrtScn, & Scroll Lock.
    PrtScn (or Print Screen)
A long time ago, this key actually did what it says it sent the current screen of text to your printer.
Nowadays, pressing PrtScn captures an image of your entire screen (a "screen  shot") and copies it to the Clipboard in your computer's memory.
From there you can paste it (Ctrl+V) into Microsoft Paint or another program and, if you want, print it from that program.
More obscure is SYS RQ, which shares the key with PrtScn on some keyboards.
Historically, SYS RQ was designed to be a "system request," but this command is not enabled in Windows.
    Tip:Press Alt+PrtScn to capture an image of just the active window, instead of the entire screen.
    ScrLk (or Scroll Lock)
In most programs, pressing Scroll Lock has no effect.
In a few programs, pressing Scroll Lock changes the behavior of the arrow  keys and the Page Up and Page Down keys, pressing these keys causes the  document to scroll without changing the position of the cursor or  selection.
Your keyboard might have a light indicating whether Scroll Lock is on.


Burn DVDs In Windows 10
How do you save a movie made in Windows Movie Maker
to DVD that will play on a DVD player now that Windows 10
eliminated Windows DVD Maker?
Youll have to purchase software that allows you make a version that will play in a standard DVD player. If you just wanted to copy an MPEG file, you  could just copy it to the DVD without a problem. But not all DVD players will play those types of files.


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TAPCUG holds Meetings at the Lakewood Senior Center located at 9112 Lakewood Dr. SW,
Lakewood, Washington 98499. By following the map here and the highlighted streets off of I-5 at US 512 you should have no problems finding the Lakewood  Senior Center marked with the Yellow Pin.


Tacoma Area PC Users Group Mailing Address:
PO Box 99824, Lakewood, WA 98496

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