Vol. 33 - Issue 3 - March 2017    

"No one knows everything about computers, but we all know something that we can share with others"


    Hello to all the TAPCUG members and guest,

    I am hoping Christmas went well for everyone, and I am looking forward to 2017.
    I am wishing for a great New Year for all.
    I would suggest people beware of the cold and the ice and take precautions, where ever you go over the holidays.
      TAPCUG President

This Months General Meeting
Saturday, February 11th 9:30 AM
Lakewood Community Center
Raffle to follow the meeting.

Presentation this month
Working with Skype
by Dave Snuffy Smith
Mutsie Poree, Barb Jackson and Sherrell Leary



    You can find all the information for the SIG’s off the Information Page on the Menu, as we have a SIG’s page there with the details. For more detailed information on the SIG's Download the latest Data Line Newsletter at the bottom of this page. As these listings here will not be updated with monthly subjects or changes, you need to check the updates that Maggie posts if any in the latest Data Line as reported by the SIG Leaders.


Beginning Operating Systems SIG, to include Linux : John Wickliffe

    Meets on the fourth Tuesday of the month, 6-8 PM at the Steilacoom Library, 2950 Steilacoom Blvd.
    We will be covering Operating Systems and new things pertaining to them.


Beginner Computer Users SIG : Paul Braget

    The New Computer Users Group meets the second Thursday of the month at 3:00 pm
    at the Lakewood Senior Center Lab. The SIG will introduce / reintroduce general concepts,
    components and applications such as Browsers used to view (surf) the Internet, i.e. Google,
    Cloud Suites, and many other applications that work on most if not all platforms (windows, Linux/Unix,
    I-apple, and Androids.


We also run a weekly Open LABs in the Computer Lab at the Lakewood Community Center

    The TAPCUG Open Lab's are held every Thursday at 3:00 pm and Friday at 10:00 am of each week,
    and are open to club members as well as the public. The Open Lab does not have a subject or program that is directed towards other than Computer Problems, whether that be hardware or software,
    problems you may be having.
    Just bring your problems to the LAB on Thursday or Friday and we will do all we can to help you find a solution for your problem.

    The Lab's are usually affiliated by 2 or more of the Club members who volunteer their time,
    and will be there to help with your Questions and or Problems you may be having.

    The LAB is located in the Lakewood Senior Centers Computer Lab room, 9112 Lakewood Dr SW Lakewood, WA 98496



        By Dick Maybach, Member,
        Brookdale Computer Users’ Group, NJ
        August 2016 issue, BUG Bytes

    LibreOffice originated in Germany in 1993 as Star Office, which became OpenOffice, first under Sun Microsystems and later under Oracle. In 2010 a group of developers, unhappy with Oracle's management of the project, formed the Document Foundation, and used the OpenOffice code as a basis for LibreOffice. Oracle later donated OpenOffice to the Apache Software Foundation, where its development appears to be lagging behind the vigorous pace of LibreOffice. Although LibreOffice and MS Office do similar tasks, their operating details differ considerably. If you have used MS Office for a long time, then your first experience with LibreOffice will probably leave you frustrated with illogical menus and unpredictable operation. I've used LibreOffice for years (and OpenOffice before that) and those are exactly my feelings when I try to use MS Office. If you're thinking of installing LibreOffice and trying it for a few minutes, don't bother; you won't like it, because it's not an MS Office clone. If you are using MS Office casually at home, you have little reason to change, as LibreOffice offers no new capabilities. However, you may wish to consider changing if your environment changes, for example if you purchase a new computer or change operating systems. Now

    it makes sense to ask yourself whether to purchase a new version of MS Office or to make the effort to relearn your habits. If you really need something “Just like MS Office,” then you should pay the money. A good comparison of these two suites appears at, but note that this is the Website of the Document Foundation, the publisher of LibreOffice. The two suites have different capabilities and features; if you do specialized work, check the Website referenced above for the features that are important to you.

    The software is available at You won't find a book on LibreOffice in your local bookstore, but you can download a good 388-page manual from If after reading this you need more detailed information, the same site has manuals for the individual LibreOffice applications, but they are for earlier versions. There is also a 512-page tutorial on document styling at, which you'll find interesting after you've mastered the basics. Some books are available from on-line vendors, but be careful, many are for older versions, and others are printed copies of what you can download for free. LibreOffice is evolving quickly; as a result, even the latest manuals are somewhat out of date with respect to minor details. Like all full-featured office suites, the LibreOffice applications are complex, and trying to learn to use them by trial-and-error will be tedious and frustrating, making a good tutorial essential.

    Although you can start the individual LibreOffice applications directly, you can also open a general application (Screen 1), from which all the individual applications as well as the recently-opens files are available.

    1. LibreOffice Startup.

    Write is the LibreOffice word-processor, and is the only type of office application that many home users run (Screen 2). The two toolbars at the top are configurable, so you can populate them with the functions you use most often. The top one is the Standard Toolbar and is nearly the same for all LibreOffice applications. Below that is the Formatting Toolbar, which adapts to the current application. The right sidebar also changes according to what you are doing. In the screen-shot above, the cursor is on text and as a result the sidebar shows text styles. However, all the functions in the sidebar are also available on the menu bar and the toolbars, although accessing them may require several mouse clicks. My work requires little formatting, and as a result I usually keep the sidebar closed to allow more space for the document. Writer, like all the LibreOffice tools can be customized by adding, moving, and customizing toolbars, but this can become a tar pit. Be sure you are familiar with basic operation and carefully read a good tutorial before you venture too far into customizing.

    2. LibreOffice Write.

    In both Linux and OS X, menu bars appear at the top of the screen rather than at the top of the application window where they appear in Windows. As a result, the main menu bar isn't visible in the above screen-shot. It appears below (Screen 3).

    3. Write Menu Bar.

    Like all LibreOffice applications, Writer can save files in several formats, as shown in the drop-down menu that appears when you select “Save as” (Screen 4).

    4. Save File Drop Down Menu.

    I have not run into problems converting Writer documents to Microsoft doc and docx formats. I understand that converting the other way can be problematic, as Microsoft sometimes employs undocumented features, and this is true for all LibreOffice applications. The suite is evolving rapidly, and every version produces files that are more compatible with Microsoft's, although the latter are moving targets.


    Calc is LibreOffice's spreadsheet application. Screen 5 shows one I put together to reconcile my credit card bills. Its menu and toolbars are quite similar to Writer's, although the individual functions differ of course. Here I show the sidebar closed, since i don't need it for this simple application. If you are familiar with Excel, you should quickly adapt to Calc, although if you will probably have to make some changes to the macros to move existing sheets to this new environment.

    5. LibreOffice Calc.

    It's presentation application is Impress. The screen-shot shows a PowerPoint file open in Impress. When I tried this some years ago, with OpenOffice (a predecessor of LibreOffice), there was considerable mangling of the slides. I've seen no evidence of this in the current LibreOffice. Nevertheless, be careful if you have an important presentation, and use the same program, and if possible the same operating system, to display it that you used to develop it. Screen 6 shows the program open in the notes view, so I can edit my lecture notes; the slide appears at the top of the screen and slide thumbnails in the left sidebar. Too many speakers either just read the slides to their audience or try to make up comments on the spot. Don't make this mistake; in preparing a talk, you should spend as much time preparing your remarks as your slides. You should also assume your audience can read; there is no reason to repeat the contents of the slides.

    6. LibreOffice Impress.

    Draw (Screen 7) is a simple drafting application, useful for creating figures for Writer and Impress. While both these applications have drafting functions, I find it easier to create figures with a dedicated program and then paste the results where I need them.

    7. LibreOffice Draw.

    Base (Screen 8) is the LibreOffice database application. The screen-shot shows a simple database for organizing photographs being developed using the wizard. I think too many people would use a spreadsheet for this, just because they are comfortable with it, when a database would be more appropriate. Another significant factor in the low usage of databases is that Access (the MS Office database application) is available only in the professional version and not at all for OS X. As a result, few home users have seen it.

    8. LibreOffice Base.

    This has been a very brief introduction to LibreOffice. If you collaborate with others on complex office documents and they use MS Office, you may have an easier time if you use the same suite. I say “may” because the Mac and Windows versions of MS Office differ, and I've also had problems with incompatibilities among different versions of Windows Office. The only way to ensure compatibility is for all members of the team to use the same version of MS Office on the same operating system. By comparison, the code base of LibreOffice is the same for Windows, OS X, and Linux (for which MS Office is not available); if the members of your team use different operating systems, you will have fewer incompatibility problems than with MS Office. For most people, compatibility is not an issue, provided the LibreOffice users convert their files to Microsoft format.

    That LibreOffice is open source brings some advantages. It costs nothing, so you can use it on as many computers as you like, and you can even install it on a memory stick for use on any PC, which allows you to use the same office suite wherever you go.



        7 Quick Tips for Windows and Office
        By Nancy DeMarte, 1st Vice President,
        Sarasota Technology User Group, FL
        March 2016 issue,
        Sarasota Technology Monitor

    1. Most of us use the Print Layout view when composing multi-page documents in Word because it lets us see all four edges of the virtual piece of paper. But every now and then, the top and bottom edges lose their space and look glued together. Although this view won’t affect the printed copy, you can return the space between the pages simply by double clicking the line between any two of them.

    2. Everyone knows that holding down the Shift key while pressing a letter on the keyboard will make it upper case. But the Shift key has other important functions. To select (highlight) a large group of contiguous text, click at the beginning of the group, hold down Shift, and click at the end of the group. This same process works for selecting a long list of items, like emails or photo thumbnails. Do you have noncontiguous items to select? Press the Control (Ctrl) key instead and click the desired items in the group.

    3. A few other popular keystroke combos can save a lot of time and aggravation. Hold down the Control key (bottom left on the keyboard) while you press the A key (Ctrl+A) to select the whole document. Use (Ctrl+Z) when you need to undo your last change. In Windows 8.1 and 10, the Windows key between the Function (Fn) and Alternate (Alt) keys will open the Start screen or menu. (Ctrl+P) is handy when you need to print from a place like the Internet, and no Print button is visible.

    4. Arrow keys can be helpful, too. They provide the best way to move around in a document without changing anything.  Let’s say you want to add a word which begins at the left margin of a document. It can be difficult to click between the margin and the word. You can click a short distance inside the margin and press the left arrow on the keyboard to move the insertion point back to the margin without disturbing the text. In PowerPoint, if you have trouble dragging an object on a slide, try holding down the Ctrl key while pressing one or more of the arrow keys a few times to nudge the object slowly to the exact spot you want it.

    5. New tricks with Tables: In Word 2013 and 2016, if you have added a table to a document and want to add a column between existing columns, position your mouse pointer over the line between the columns until it becomes two lines with a bulb on top.

    Click and a column will appear in that spot. Do the same for adding rows. Or, if you need more rows at the bottom of a table, click in the bottom right cell and press the Tab key to get another row.

    6. Windows has added a tool “ribbon” across the top of most Windows application windows now. Convenient as it is, some people complain that if covers too much of the work space. Fortunately, Office 2013 and 2016 make it easy to hide the ribbon. To hide the ribbon but leave the tabs visible, click the tiny caret in the top right corner of the screen directly above the scroll bar.  This works with any tab selected.

    If you change your mind, click the Ribbon Display options box near the right end of the title bar which has an upward-pointing arrow inside. Here you can choose to Auto-hide the ribbon, show just the Tabs above the ribbon, or show both Tabs and Commands.

    7.  One of the new and overdue tools in Word 2013 and 2016 is the Clear All Formatting tool located in the top right corner of the Home Tab – Font group.  It lets you remove the bold, italics, glow, shadow, and all the other effects that you can apply to text. Select the portion of the document where you want to remove the formatting or press Ctrl+A to select a whole document, then click the icon to return the text to the default font and font size with no special formatting. I use it when I’m combining multiple documents into one or when a word gets stuck with certain formatting and needs to be unformatted.

    Snipping Tool Update: For Windows 10 users, here is an addendum to my article in December about the Snipping Tool. I mentioned that it had been upgraded in Windows 10. Here is how: If you want to capture a screen shot of a menu or other temporarily visible item, you can save time by using the new Delay feature. Open the Snipping tool, then click Delay and choose a number of seconds from 1 – 5. Then click New, which makes the Snipping tool disappear. Open the menu or item you want to snip. When the time is up, the Snipping tool reappears so you can complete the snip.


      Ad/Popup Blockers and the Internet Advertising War
      By Mike Morris, Front Range PC Users Group, Fort Collins, CO,

    A ccording to InfoWorld:

    "The Web’s basic business model - free content supported by advertising - is badly broken"
    "The Internet is at war with itself. An on-line arms race is pitting users against advertisers, publishers against the developers of ad and cookie blockers, and Apple against Google."


    Certainly Google derives most of its revenue from selling advertising. In 2015, that revenue was $67.39 Billion (yes that’s Billion with a B), according to ( That’s about 90% of total revenue ( See also.

    Not every company is doing as well as Google:

    “. . . Yahoo, despite claiming more than 800 million active users, hasn’t been able to increase its ad revenue and may even be forced to sell off most of its assets.”". . . it's no accident that even the most successful news operations, including the New York Times, charge for access to their content. They were forced to."

    So you should not be surprised when you see ads, popup or otherwise, on any website to which you connect. Nor should you be surprised at the rapidly increasing “countermeasures” for those ads.

    Internet ads are NOT just an annoyance. Those ads can contain some seriously malicious software, as the NY Times, BBC, NFL, etc. recently discovered:

    “Major sites including New York Times and BBC hit by 'ransomware' malvertising” ( - March 16th, 2016)

    "The malware was delivered through multiple ad networks, and used a number of vulnerabilities, including a recently-patched flaw in Microsoft’s former Flash competitor Silverlight, which was discontinued in 2013."
    Big-name sites hit by rash of malicious ads spreading crypto ransomware (
    - March 16th, 2016)
    Blocking internet ads has become a major industry. And note that this is a task that is separate from privacy issues and from making sure that you have up-to-date security software on your computer.

    Mobile users, who have a data limit, can, according to, can derive a financial benefit from ad blockers, since those ads consume data – especially when streaming audio and/or video

    You can see why the use of these applications is growing rapidly. And the growth is, indeed, rapid:

    "As of Q2 2015, 45 million Americans were using ad blockers. In a survey research study released Q2 2016, MetaFacts reported 72 million Americans, 12.8 million adults in the UK, and 13.2 million adults in France were using ad blockers on their PCs, Smart phones, or Tablets."

    Most browsers today offer some sort of ad blocking/popup blocking, although their effectiveness varies. See for a list of browsers and browser add-ons that provide ad blocking/popup blocking.

    However, beware. Not all ad blockers block all ads. For example:

    "Adblock Plus—possibly the most popular ad blocker on the Internet—is a business. . . . Adblock Plus doesn’t block all ads, but rather operates what it calls an “acceptable ads” program, where ads that meet its criteria for things like placement, size, and distinction, are “whitelisted”—that is, if the company displaying the ads is willing to split the revenue gained by whitelisting with Adblock Plus. Companies can apply to have their sites whitelisted, but Adblock Plus has also reached out to some to solicit their business."


    There are effective ad blockers:

    ". . . there are the ad blockers that block, well, nearly every ad and tracker. Privacy Badger, for example, is a nonprofit blocker operated by the Electronic Frontier Foundation that detects and blocks what it calls “non-consensual tracking,” or ads and trackers that follow you around from site to site, serving you up, say, an ad about sneakers in a banner after you browse the Nike site. In effect, if you use Privacy Badger, it prevents your browser from loading anything from third-parties that you haven’t agreed to see. The EFF accepts donations (and coding help), but the site itself operates as a nonprofit."


    I use ad blockers because I find the ads a significant annoyance and also because of the potential security problems associated with the ads. I generally use the Firefox and Chrome browsers. I have the following add-ons installed1:

    Disconnect (prevents tracking browsing/search history – see for more information)

    HTTPS-Everywhere (from Wikipedia (
    ):  ". . . automatically makes websites use the more secure HTTPS connection instead of HTTP, if they support it.")

    No Script (". . . allows JavaScript, Java, Flash and other plugins to be executed only by trusted web sites of your choice (e.g. your online bank - see for more information.")

    Privacy Badger (". . . blocks advertisements and tracking cookies that do not respect the Do Not Track setting in a user's web browser."  See for more information))

    uBlock Origin (provides content-filtering and ad-blocking. See
    for more information)

    Privacy Badger
    uBlock Origin

    When using these add-ons, it is important to remember TANSTAAFL:
    There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch

    With browser add-ons installed, you may find that you cannot connect to a website of interest. Or, at least, nothing from the website will be displayed when you connect. If it is a website that you do, in fact, want to access, check the add-on settings/features for a temporary disable feature. Or, you may have to temporarily disable the add-on to view the website.

    With an up-to-date operating system, up-to-date security software and browser ad blocker add-ons, there is a reasonable chance you will be able to keep your computer secure and free from malicious software.

    However, you must still remember to backup at least your important data:  financial info, photos, music and any other documents.

    Thanks to FRPCUG member Bert Broekstra for the research that led to the selection of these addons.


      Interesting Internet Finds - February
      Steve Costello,
      President/Editor, Boca Raton Computer Society

    In the course of going through the more than 300 RSS feeds, I often run across things that I think might be of interest to other user group members.

    The following are some items I found interesting during the month of February 2016.

    5 Tips For Google Voice In Hangouts On Android

    I have just started using Google Voice in Hangouts on my Wi-Fi only Galaxy Tab A. I don't need it on my smartphone, because I have unlimited calling and texting there.

    What Is Error 451, And How Can It Make A Difference?

    I have not seen this error yet, but thanks to this MakeUseOf post I will know what it means when I do see it.

    Polaris Office Free For Windows PC Review

    If you are looking for a Microsoft Office alternative, check out this review from The Windows Club. Polaris Office is now free for the Windows PC, as well as iOS and Android.

    Why You Should Upgrade Your Router (Even If You Have Older Gadgets)

    Have an old router and old gadgets? If so, check out this HowToGeek post to learn why you should upgrade the router anyway.

    Cloud Storage: Secure And Private?

    Bob Rankin  talks about the cloud becoming more common, and addresses some of the most common reasons given for not using the cloud.

    CDMA vs GSM: How Do They Differ?

    This question came up just the other day. I was asked why I couldn't switch from Sprint to AT&T using the same smartphone. If I had known about this post then, I could have given a better answer.

    Most Fridays, more interesting finds will be posted on the Computers, Technology, and User Groups Blog:

    The posts are under Creative Commons licensing.



      Share Photos In Facebook Messenger

    As Facebook Messenger keeps growing in popularity, we get more and more questions about it.
    Questions like this: How do I save a Facebook picture from my timeline on my Samsung tablet to private Messenger

    If you have Messenger installed on your tablet, it’s pretty easy.
    Find the photo you wish to share on your timeline and tap the Share button at the bottom of the photo.
    One of your options is to send via a private message.
    Tap it and you can then pick a recipient and send.
    If you want to save the image to your device, tap the image once to open  it.
    Then tap the menu button for your device and choose Save.
    The photo will then be saved in your Gallery.

    From there you can send it as an attachment via text message, e-mail or any other type of messaging app that you use.
    Here’s how to add an attachment to Messenger:
    Open up messenger and compose a new message.
    Then tap the image icon to select an image from the gallery.
    After that, just send your message.


      The following are some items I found interesting during the month of March 2016.

    How to Use Google Maps Offline (Without Internet) on Android and iOS

    I have been using Google Maps on my android, but sometimes end up without internet. This post shows how to prepare for those times.

    How to Make YouTube Videos Loop Continuously:

    If you need to continuously loop a YouTube video, like maybe before a meeting, check out this post from Online Tech Tips to learn how.


    How to Choose a USB Wi-Fi Adapter for Your Laptop

    Is your laptop Wi-Fi broken, or not capable of your new routers' 802.11ac speed? This HowToGeek will help you find a USB adapter that will solve the problem without hefty repair fees.


    How to fix the dreaded Google Cloud printer offline issue

    Do you use Google Cloud Print? If so sooner or later you are going to have a printer go offline. This TechRepublic post has the solution. (Note: This has worked for me.)


    A True Story of a Computer Scam and How to Avoid It Happening to You

    After you read this, you will be much more aware of these types of scams. This story shows that even tech savvy people can be scammed.


    You Can Use a Picture If: Guidelines for Image Copyrights

    This post has an infographic that can help you decide if you can legally use a picture for your blog, newsletter, presentation, or whatever. And, if it is under a Creative Commons license, what each of those mean



Here are just a few of the great tips that our editor,
Maggie Smith, publishes from WorldStar each month in our monthly Data Line Newsletter.

    Download the latest Data Line Newsletter for more updated tips at the bottom of this page.


Two odd keys
So far, we've discussed almost every key you're likely to use. But for the truly inquisitive,
let's explore the three most mysterious keys on the keyboard: PrtScn, & Scroll Lock.
    PrtScn (or Print Screen)
A long time ago, this key actually did what it says it sent the current screen of text to your printer.
Nowadays, pressing PrtScn captures an image of  your entire screen (a "screen shot") and copies it to the Clipboard in your computer's memory.
From there you can paste it (Ctrl+V) into Microsoft Paint or another program and, if you want, print it from that program.
More obscure is SYS RQ, which shares the key with PrtScn on some keyboards.
Historically, SYS RQ was designed to be a "system request," but this command is not enabled in Windows.
    Tip: Press Alt+PrtScn to capture an image of just the active window,
            instead of the entire screen.
    ScrLk (or Scroll Lock)
In most programs, pressing Scroll Lock has no effect.
In a few programs, pressing Scroll Lock changes the behavior of the arrow keys and the Page Up and Page Down keys, pressing these keys causes the document to scroll without changing the position of the cursor or selection.
Your keyboard might have a light indicating whether Scroll Lock is on.


Burn DVDs In Windows 10
How do you save a movie made in Windows Movie Maker
to DVD that will play on a DVD player now that Windows 10
eliminated Windows DVD Maker?
You’ll have to purchase software that allows you make a version that will play in a standard DVD player. If you just wanted to copy an MPEG file, you could just copy it to the DVD without a problem. But not all DVD players will play those types of files.


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    TAPCUG holds Meetings at the Lakewood Senior Center located at 9112 Lakewood Dr. SW,
    Lakewood, Washington 98499. By following the map here and the highlighted streets off of I-5 at US 512 you should have no problems finding the Lakewood Senior Center marked with the Yellow Pin.



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